Many vets don't recommend herbal products for the simple reason that they don't understand them. Most vets are trained to use the latest and greatest technology to cure existing conditions. Veterinary schools aren't known for teaching prevention, nor do they rely on "technology" that is thousands of years old.
Another reason many veterinarians don't deal with herbs is that there is no quality control system in place to assure that the herb you have purchased is the one you really want. Pesticides, fungicides, and fertilizers can contaminate the herbs, and they may even render its active ingredients useless. Improperly prepared compost can introduce bacteria into the herbs.
The strength of the active ingredients can be altered by the horticultural practices of the grower. This is especially troubling, as some herbs are actually toxic if given in higher dosages than recommended. For example, garlic contains thiosulphate, which can be harmful to dogs in large amounts, but small amounts of the herb can lower blood pressure, clear waste from cells, and repel fleas.
Finally, for many herbs, further study is needed to see how the herbs interact with any conventional medications your dog may be taking. Research studies generally focus on either herbs or modern medications, not both. Very little is known about how they affect each other. It is vital that you tell your vet if you use herbals so he can advise you if you need to stop the herbs while your dog is on another medication such as antibiotics.
For some herbs, the entire plant is used, while other remedies include only the flowers, only the leaves, or only the roots of a particular herb. It is vital that you know how to properly prepare herbal remedies, as some portions of certain plants are poisonous. It is in your dog's best interest that you consult a competent herbalist before giving him any herbal products.
Oral products are taken as infusions, tinctures, decoctions, teas, and tablets. Products for external use include ointments, lotions, creams, poultices, compresses, and infused oils.
Infusions are prepared by boiling the leaves and flowers of an herb in water. The liquid is strained to remove the remaining solids and drunk like tea.
Tinctures are herbs that have been soaked in water or alcohol for weeks, then rinsed and stored in dark bottles in cool, dry places for up to two years. Dogs really shouldn't have alcohol, so vegetable glycerin may be used as a base in place of the alcohol. Vegetable glycerin will give the tincture a flavor similar to corn syrup, which your dog will be more willing to drink.
Decoctions are prepared by boiling the bark, root, and berries in water. The liquid is then drunk either hot or cold.
Aloe vera can be used to reduce itching due to insect bites or hot spots. In addition, it can treat minor burns. Aloe vera has anti-bacterial properties so it may be used on scars following surgery. Its bitter taste will discourage your dog from licking the area where it is applied. Taken internally, aloe acts as a laxative.
Burdock is used to clear toxins from the body, as well as to soothe arthritis pain and heal eczema. It is also helpful for animals with liver or kidney problems. Fresh burdock roots can be found at your local health food store. They have a nice flavor, so you can just cut them up and add them to your dog's food.
Calendula is used to treat skin irritation such as poison ivy, insect bites, and minor burns.
Cat's claw contains alkaloids, phytochemicals, and tannins. They can reduce inflammation and remove free radicals.
Coltsfoot can be used to relieve coughs.
Echinacea purpurea strengthens the lymphatic system, boosting the dog's immune system
Ephedra can be used for asthma or other respiratory problems. However, too much ephedra can cause heart arrhythmias and high blood pressure, as well as anxiety.
German chamomile is a sedative, used to calm anxious dogs. However, it can cause a pregnant dog to lose her puppies, and should never be used if you suspect your dog is pregnant.
Ginger relieves nausea, and is especially useful if given to your dog before long car trips.
Ginkgo biloba is made from the leaves of the ginkgo tree and has been shown to improve blood flow to the brain. It should not be used in pregnant animals.
Hawthorn is used to combat heart arrhythmias and to control blood pressure.
Huang Qi can improve the immune system and can reduce both blood sugar and blood pressure. You may see an improvement in your dog's energy level when he takes huang qi.
Indian ginseng promotes health, vigor, and vitality. Siberian ginseng can reduce stress and improve immune functioning. American ginseng increases resistance to stress and can improve skin and muscle tone. Ginseng is often recommended only for male dogs. For females, dong quai is used to improve energy levels.
Kava Kava can be used as a sedative to calm anxiety, but it is known to cause liver problems. Your vet should monitor your dog's liver function with frequent blood tests.
Licorice can reduce inflammation, soothe arthritis pain, and kill viruses. Many herbal vets use licorice to treat colon inflammation. Licorice is dangerous, however, to dogs with heart disorders.
Mistletoe can help the immune system and reduce blood pressure.
Milk thistle contains flavonoids, a known antioxidant which remove free radicals, one of the key body chemicals associated with aging.
Raspberry is used in pregnant dogs to maintain the health of the uterus and to stimulate quick milk production after the litter is whelped.
Red clover has been used against cancer. It also contains coumadin, so the animal must be monitored for bleeding while on red clover. Other ingredients include salicylic acid (aspirin) and estrogen.
Slippery elm bark can be used to calm down the lining of the colon, reducing inflammation and reducing diarrhea.
Tea Tree oil is often spread on a dog's skin to help control itching.
Valerian is an effective tranquilizer which can be used to calm a nervous dog.
Yarrow increases urine output and can be used to help flush your dog's body of toxins. It can also bring down a fever and reduce swelling.
Herbal medicine is a huge field, including not just the herbs themselves but also the philosophies embraced by Eastern cultures. Things like yin and yang, energy balancing, and other ancient beliefs are important. Although (obviously) your dog cannot study the great philosophers, it is worth doing further research into the concepts which support the use of herbal remedies. Your dog may benefit from the herbs in isolation, but the greatest advantage comes from total immersion in the herbal lifestyle.
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