You may be familiar with the Coon Hounds common throughout the Southern United States, but this is a different kind of coon dog: the East Asian Raccoon Dog. Although it is not bred to hunt raccoons and is totally unrelated to Raccoons, it is called the Raccoon Dog due to its passing resemblance to the smaller mammal.
I think this dog is pretty cute, but it appears it is not terribly domesticated in its native Japan. They are most similar to the fox, and are hunted for their fur. They are the only dog breed that hibernates.